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USDA/APHIS RIN: 0579-AC82 Publication ID: Fall 2009 
Title: Importation of Grapes From Chile Under a Systems Approach 
Abstract: We are proposing two changes related to our proposed rule published in the Federal Register on August 27, 2008, that would amend the fruit and vegetable regulations to allow fresh table grapes from Chile to be imported into the continental United States under a systems approach. Currently as a condition of entry, all table grapes from Chile have to be fumigated with methyl bromide as a risk-mitigation measure for Brevipalpus chilensis. On August 27, 2008, we proposed to allow a combination of risk-mitigation measures, or systems approach, to be employed in lieu of methyl bromide fumigation for B. chilensis. However, there is a new quarantine pest of table grapes, Lobesia botrana, in Chile, and the proposed systems approach does not address and was not intended to mitigate the risk for this pest. Therefore, this supplemental proposed rule modifies the proposed systems approach so that it is effective for L. botrana. Alternatively, it would require Chilean grapes that do not meet the conditions of the systems approach for L. botrana to be fumigated with methyl bromide as a condition of their importation into the continental United States. 
Agency: Department of Agriculture(USDA)  Priority: Routine and Frequent 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 7 CFR 319   
Legal Authority: 7 USC 450    7 USC 7701 to 7772    7 USC 7781 to 7786    7 USC 8301 to 8317    21 USC 136 and 136a   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  08/27/2008  73 FR 50577   
NPRM Comment Period End  10/27/2008    
Supplemental NPRM  12/00/2009    
Supplemental NPRM Comment Period End  02/00/2010    
Additional Information: Additional information about APHIS and its programs is available on the Internet at
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Yes  Government Levels Affected: None 
Small Entities Affected: Businesses  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.
RIN Data Printed in the FR: Yes 
Agency Contact:
Charisse Cleare
Regulatory Coordination Specialist, Regulations, Permits, and Manuals, PPQ
Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
4700 River Road, Unit 136,
Riverdale, MD 20737
Phone:301 734-0773

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