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USDA/FSIS RIN: 0583-AD00 Publication ID: Fall 2009 
Title: Meat Produced by Advanced Meat/Bone Separation Machinery and Meat Recovery Systems 
Abstract: On January 12, 2004, the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) issued an interim final rule to amend the Federal meat inspection regulations. The rule is designed, in part, to prevent human exposure to the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) agent by ensuring that Advanced Meat/Bone Separation Machinery and Meat Recovery (AMR) systems are not a means of introducing central nervous system (CNS)-type tissue into product labeled as "meat." Meat may be derived by mechanically separating skeletal muscle tissue from the bones of livestock, other than skulls or vertebral column bones of cattle 30 months of age and older, using advances in mechanical meat/bone separation machinery; i.e., AMR systems. The recovered meat product may not incorporate any brain, trigeminal ganglia, spinal cord, or dorsal root ganglia tissues. In addition, there must be no more than a non-significant incorporation of bone solids or bone marrow as measured by the presence of calcium and iron in excess of the requirements in the interim final rule. This rule also requires that federally inspected establishments that process cattle develop, implement, and maintain written procedures for the removal, segregation, and disposition of specified risk materials (SRMs), including non-complying products from beef AMR systems. These procedures are required to be incorporated into an establishment’s HACCP plan, Sanitation Standard Operation Procedures, or other prerequisite program. FSIS took this action in response to the diagnosis on December 23, 2003, by the Department of Agriculture of a positive case of BSE in an adult Holstein cow in the State of Washington. 
Agency: Department of Agriculture(USDA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 9 CFR 301.2    9 CFR 318.24 (Revision)    9 CFR 320.1   
Legal Authority: 21 USC 601 to 695   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
Interim Final Rule  01/12/2004  69 FR 1874   
Interim Final Rule Comment Period End  05/07/2004    
Final Action  09/00/2010    
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: None 
Small Entities Affected: Businesses  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Related RINs: Duplicate of 0583-AC51 
Agency Contact:
Dr. Daniel L Engeljohn
Assistant Administrator, Office of Policy and Program Development
Department of Agriculture
Food Safety and Inspection Service
Room 402 Cotton Annex Building, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., 349-E JWB,
Washington, DC 20250
Phone:202 205-0495
Fax:202 720-2025

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