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EPA/SWER RIN: 2050-AG45 Publication ID: Spring 2010 
Title: Standards for the Safe and Environmentally Protective Placement of Coal Combustion Residuals as Minefill in Coal Mines Not Regulated Under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act 
Abstract: This action is part of a joint rulemaking effort with the Office of Surface Mining (OSM) of the Department of Interior (DOI) using a combination of regulatory authorities available under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Specifically, EPA is considering performance standards for the environmentally protective placement of coal combustion residuals (CCRs) for filling surface or underground coal mines, referred to as minefilling, not regulated under SMCRA. CCRs are byproducts of the combustion of coal at electric utility and independent power producing facilities. This action results from EPA's Regulatory Determination for fossil fuel combustion wastes (65 FR 32214 May 22, 2000), in which the Agency concluded that national regulations under RCRA (and/or modifications to the existing regulations established under SMCRA) are warranted when these wastes are placed in surface and underground mines. As described in the Regulatory Determination, there is sufficient evidence that adequate controls may not be in place, and that regulations are warranted. This action is also a result of a recommendation by the National Research Council (NRC, Managing Coal Combustion Residues in Coal Mines, 2006) regarding the management of CCRs in coal mines. NRC recommended that OSM and/or EPA promulgate enforceable federal regulations governing the minefilling of CCRs. In response to the NRC study, OSM published on Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Placement of CCRs in Active and Abandoned Coal Mines (72 FR 12026, March 14, 2007), which took comment on the appropriateness of modifying SMCRA regulations to address minefilling at mines with SMCRA permits. This action will be coordinated with the OSM proposed rule. The intended benefits of this action will be to prevent contamination or damage to ground waters and surface waters, thereby avoiding risk to human health and the environment, including ecological risks. 
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Long-Term Actions 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined 
CFR Citation: 40 CFR 259 
Legal Authority: 42 USC 6907(a)(3); 42 USC 6912(a)(1); 42 USC 6944(a) 
Legal Deadline:  None
Timetable:
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  To Be Determined   
Additional Information: SAN No. 5274.
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: Federal, Local, State, Tribal 
Small Entities Affected: Businesses, Governmental Jurisdictions, Organizations  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
RIN Information URL: www.epa.gov/epawaste/nonhaz/industrial/special/fossil/index.htm  
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Bonnie Robinson
Environmental Protection Agency
Solid Waste and Emergency Response
5304P,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:703 308-8429
Fax:703 308-8686
Email: Robinson.Bonnie@epamail.epa.gov

 
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