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EPA/AR RIN: 2060-AQ41 Publication ID: Fall 2010 
Title: ●NESHAP Risk and Technology Review for Pulp and Paper Industry and Chemical Recovery Combustion Sources, and NSPS Review for Kraft Pulp Mills 
Abstract: The 2004 National Academy of Sciences' (NAS) report recommended that EPA begin conducting integrated assessments that consider multiple pollutants (criteria and hazardous air pollutants, and other chemicals that may be of concern) and multiple effects (health, ecosystem, visibility) to set standards and develop planning and control strategies. In response to this recommendation, EPA’s Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) intends to conduct an integrated review and assessment that addresses regulatory obligations under both the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants and the New Source Performance Standards programs (NSPS). Section 112(f)(2) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) directs EPA to conduct risk assessments on each source category subject to maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards, and to determine if additional standards are needed to reduce residual risks, to be completed 8 years after promulgation. Section 112(d)(6) of the CAA requires EPA to review and revise the MACT standards as necessary, taking into account developments in practices, processes and control technologies, to be done at least every 8 years. The NESHAP for Chemical Recovery Combustion Sources at Kraft, Soda, Sulfite, and Stand-Alone Semichemical Pulp Mills (subpart MM) was promulgated in 2001 and has not been reviewed. Similarly, the NESHAP for the Pulp and Paper Industry (subpart S) was promulgated in 1998 and also has not been reviewed. Section 111(b)(1)(B) of the CAA mandates that EPA review and, if appropriate, revise existing New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) at least every 8 years. The Kraft Pulp Mill NSPS was promulgated in 1978 and is in need of review. This NSPS component of this action will include reviewing existing emission limits for particulate matter, total reduced sulfur, and opacity and evaluating the appropriateness of developing emission limits for other pollutants such as sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxide, and carbon dioxide. 
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: First time published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined 
CFR Citation: Not Yet Determined     (To search for a specific CFR, visit the Code of Federal Regulations.)
Legal Authority: Not Yet Determined   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  06/00/2011    
Final Action  12/00/2011    
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: Local, State, Tribal 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Bill Schrock
Environmental Protection Agency
Air and Radiation
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-5032
Fax:919 541-3470

Robin Dunkins
Environmental Protection Agency
Air and Radiation
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-5335
Fax:919 541-3470

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