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DOJ/ATF RIN: 1140-AA43 Publication ID: Fall 2013 
Title: Machine Guns, Destructive Devices and Certain Other Firearms; Background Checks for Responsible Persons of a Corporation, Trust, or Other Legal Entity With Respect to Making or Transferring a Firearm 
Abstract: The Department of Justice is planning to finalize a proposed rule to amend the regulations of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) regarding the making or transferring of a firearm under the National Firearms Act. As proposed, the rule would (1) add a definition for the term "responsible person"; (2) require each responsible person of a corporation, trust or legal entity to complete a specified form, and to submit photographs and fingerprints; and (3) modify the requirements regarding the certificate of the chief law enforcement officer (CLEO). 
Agency: Department of Justice(DOJ)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 27 CFR 479   
Legal Authority: 26 USC 7805   
Legal Deadline:  None

Statement of Need: The current firearms regulations permit a corporation, partnership, trust or other legal entity to submit applications to ATF to acquire firearms registered under the National Firearms Act (NFA) without a responsible person of such an entity having to meet requirements currently in place for individuals that seek to ensure that prohibited persons do not gain access to NFA firearms (i.e., undergo a background check, provide a certificate of a CLEO).

Summary of the Legal Basis: This rulemaking is in response to a petition for rulemaking. No aspect of this rulemaking is required by statute or court order

Alternatives: The Agency is soliciting public comment on how the application process can be made more efficient and effective.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits: Total annual costs are estimated at $14.9 million and encompass costs to legal entities associated with the application, ATF processing costs, and costs to local and State agencies in providing the CLEO certificate. There will be public safety benefits as the provisions will enable ATF to ensure that responsible persons within legal entities are not prohibited from possessing NFA firearms under Federal, State, or local law

Risks: This proposed rule may prevent a prohibited person, who is a responsible person in a legal entity, from obtaining an NFA firearm and using it to commit a violent crime.

Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  09/09/2013  78 FR 55014   
NPRM Comment Period End  12/09/2013 
Final Action  06/00/2014 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: None 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Brenda R. Friend
Department of Justice
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
99 New York Avenue NE.,
Washington, DC 20226
Phone:202 648-7070

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