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EPA/AR RIN: 2060-AQ75 Publication ID: Fall 2013 
Title: Petroleum Refinery Sector Risk and Technology Review and NSPS 
Abstract: This action pertains to the Petroleum Refining industry and specifically to petroleum refinery sources that are subject to maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards in 40 CFR part 63, subparts CC (Refinery MACT 1) and UUU (Refinery MACT 2) and new source performance standards (NSPS) in 40 CFR part 60, subpart Ja. This action is the Petroleum Refining Sector Rulemaking which will address our obligation to perform Risk and Technology Reviews (RTR) for Petroleum Refinery MACT 1 and 2 source categories and will address issues related to the reconsideration of Petroleum Refinery New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) subpart Ja. Petroleum refineries are facilities engaged in refining and producing products made from crude oil or unfinished petroleum derivatives. Emission sources include petroleum refinery-specific process units unique to the industry, such as fluid catalytic cracking units (FCCU) and catalytic reforming units (CRU), as well as units and processes commonly found at other types of manufacturing facilities (including petroleum refineries), such as storage vessels and wastewater treatment plants. Refinery MACT 1 regulates hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions from common processes such as miscellaneous process vents (e.g., delayed coking vents), storage vessels, wastewater, equipment leaks, loading racks, marine tank vessel loading, and heat exchange systems at petroleum refineries. Refinery MACT 2 regulates HAP from those processes that are unique to the industry including sulfur recovery units (SRU) and from catalyst regeneration in FCCU and CRU. 
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: Yes  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 40 CFR 60    40 CFR 63   
Legal Authority: Clean Air Act sec 111 and 112   
Legal Deadline:  None

Statement of Need: The Clean Air Act (CAA) requires that existing air toxics standards undergo periodic review. In this action, EPA will conduct such a review for the Petroleum Refineries MACT standard, as well as addressing issues that have arisen regarding the Petroleum Refineries New Source Performance Standard.

Summary of the Legal Basis: The periodic air-toxics-standard reviews are required by CAA section 112. New Source Performance Standards are issued under CAA section 111.

Alternatives: Not yet determined.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits: EPA is currently assessing the costs and benefits associated with this action.

Risks: EPA is currently assessing risks for this action.

Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  02/00/2014 
Final Rule  01/00/2015 
Additional Information: Docket #:EPA-HQ-OAR-2010-0682
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: None 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
RIN Information URL:  
Sectors Affected: 324110 Petroleum Refineries 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Brenda Shine
Environmental Protection Agency
Air and Radiation
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-3608
Fax:919 541-0246

Penny Lassiter
Environmental Protection Agency
Air and Radiation
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-5396
Fax:919 541-0246

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