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EPA/SWER RIN: 2050-AG45 Publication ID: Spring 2011 
Title: Standards for the Safe and Environmentally Protective Placement of Coal Combustion Residuals as Minefill in Coal Mines Not Regulated Under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act 
Abstract: This action is part of a joint rulemaking effort with the Office of Surface Mining (OSM) of the Department of Interior (DOI) using a combination of regulatory authorities available under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Specifically, EPA is considering performance standards for the environmentally protective placement of coal combustion residuals (CCRs) for filling surface or underground coal mines, referred to as minefilling, not regulated under SMCRA. CCRs are byproducts of the combustion of coal at electric utility and independent power producing facilities. This action results from EPA's Regulatory Determination for fossil fuel combustion wastes (65 FR 32214 May 22, 2000), in which the Agency concluded that national regulations under RCRA (and/or modifications to the existing regulations established under SMCRA) are warranted when these wastes are placed in surface and underground mines. As described in the Regulatory Determination, there is sufficient evidence that adequate controls may not be in place, and that regulations are warranted. This action is also a result of a recommendation by the National Research Council (NRC, Managing Coal Combustion Residues in Coal Mines, 2006) regarding the management of CCRs in coal mines. NRC recommended that OSM and/or EPA promulgate enforceable federal regulations governing the minefilling of CCRs. In response to the NRC study, OSM published on Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on the Placement of CCRs in Active and Abandoned Coal Mines (72 FR 12026, March 14, 2007), which took comment on the appropriateness of modifying SMCRA regulations to address minefilling at mines with SMCRA permits. This action will be coordinated with the OSM proposed rule. The intended benefits of this action will be to prevent contamination or damage to ground waters and surface waters, thereby avoiding risk to human health and the environment, including ecological risks. 
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Long-Term Actions 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined 
CFR Citation: Not Yet Determined     (To search for a specific CFR, visit the Code of Federal Regulations.)
Legal Authority: Not Yet Determined   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  To Be Determined    
Additional Information: SAN No. 5274
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: Federal, Local, State, Tribal 
Small Entities Affected: Businesses, Governmental Jurisdictions, Organizations  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
RIN Information URL:  
Sectors Affected: 221112 Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Bonnie Robinson
Environmental Protection Agency
Solid Waste and Emergency Response
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Mail Code,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:703 308-8429
Fax:703 308-8686