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EPA/OAR RIN: 2060-AS46 Publication ID: Fall 2016 
Title: Risk and Technology Review for the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Pulp and Paper Combustion Sources 
Abstract: This action will address the agency's residual risk and technology review (RTR) of the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Pulp and Paper Combustion Sources. The Pulp and Paper Combustion Sources NESHAP, subpart MM, was promulgated pursuant to section 112(d) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) on 1/12/01, and amended in 2003. The NESHAP established emission limitations based on maximum achievable control technology (MACT) for controlling emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) from recovery furnaces, lime kilns and smelt dissolving tanks at kraft, soda, sulfite and semi-chemical pulp mills. The main HAP emitted from these sources are HAP metals. This action will implement the residual risk review requirements of CAA section 112(f)(2) and the technology review requirements of CAA section 112(d)(6). The statute directs the EPA to promulgate emission standards under CAA 112(f)(2) if such standards are required to provide an ample margin of safety to protect public health or to prevent, taking relevant factors into account, an adverse environmental effect. Any such standards are to be promulgated within 8 years after promulgation of MACT standards under CAA section 112(d). CAA section 112(d)(6) requires the EPA to review and revise the MACT standards as necessary, taking into account developments in practices, processes and control technologies, no less often than every 8 years. Pursuant to a court order, the EPA is obligated to complete the final action by 10/1/17. 
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: Undetermined  Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined 
EO 13771 Designation: uncollected 
CFR Citation: 40 CFR Part 63     (To search for a specific CFR, visit the Code of Federal Regulations.)
Legal Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Clean Air Act   
Legal Deadline:
Action Source Description Date
Final  Judicial  15-cv-01165-HSG, U.S. District Court Norther District of California, filed 3/15/16.  10/01/2017 
Timetable:
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  12/00/2016 
Final Rule  10/00/2017 
Additional Information: Docket ID# EPA-HQ-OAR-2014-0741
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: Local, State, Tribal 
Small Entities Affected: Undetermined  Federalism: Undetermined 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
Sectors Affected: 32211 Pulp Mills 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Kelley Spence
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Air and Radiation
109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Mail Code E143-03,
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-3158
Fax:919 541-3470
Email: spence.kelley@epa.gov

Bill Schrock
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Air and Radiation
109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Mail Code E143-03,
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-5032
Email: schrock.bill@epa.gov