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EPA/OCSPP RIN: 2070-AK03 Publication ID: Fall 2016 
Title: Trichloroethylene (TCE); Rulemaking Under TSCA Section 6(a) 
Abstract:

Section 6(a) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) provides authority for the EPA to ban or restrict the manufacture (including import), processing, distribution in commerce, and use of chemical substances, as well as any manner or method of disposal. The EPA identified trichloroethylene (TCE) for risk evaluation as part of its Work Plan for Chemical Assessment under TSCA. TCE is used in industrial and commercial processes, and also has some limited uses in consumer products. In the June 2014 TSCA Work Plan Chemical Risk Assessment for TCE, the EPA identified risks associated with commercial degreasing and some consumer uses. EPA proposes that the use of TCE in vapor degreasing presents unreasonable risks to human health, and is initiating rulemaking under TSCA section 6 to address the risks of TCE when used as a spotting agent in dry cleaning and in commercial and consumer aerosol spray degreasers. A separate Regulatory Agenda entry (RIN 2070-AK11) addresses the EPA's consideration of a rulemaking to address the risks associated with TCE when used in vapor degreasing operations.

 
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: Undetermined  Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined 
EO 13771 Designation: uncollected 
CFR Citation: NYD     (To search for a specific CFR, visit the Code of Federal Regulations.)
Legal Authority: 15 U.S.C. 2605 Toxic Substances Control Act   
Legal Deadline:  None

Statement of Need: In the June 2014 TSCA Work Plan Chemical Risk Assessment for TCE, the EPA identified risks associated with commercial degreasing and some consumer uses. The EPA is initiating a rulemaking under TSCA section 6 to address these risks. Specifically, the EPA will determine whether the continued use of TCE in some commercial degreasing uses, as a spotting agent in dry cleaning, and in certain consumer products would pose an unreasonable risk to human health and the environment.

Summary of the Legal Basis: Section 6 of the Toxic Substances Control Act provides authority for the EPA to ban or restrict the manufacture (including import), processing, distribution in commerce, and use of chemical substances, as well as any manner or method of disposal.

Alternatives: Alternatives will be developed as part of the development of a proposed rule.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits: The EPA will prepare a regulatory impact analysis as part of the development of a proposed rule.

Risks: In the published TCE Risk Assessment, the EPA identified significant risks to human health in occupational, consumer and residential settings. The risk assessment identified health risks from TCE exposures to consumers using aerosol degreasers and spray fixatives, and health risks to workers when TCE is used in commercial shops and as a stain removing agent in dry cleaning.

Timetable:
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  12/00/2016 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: Undetermined 
Federalism: Yes 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
RIN Information URL: https://www.epa.gov/chemical-data-under-toxic-substance-control-act-tsca  
Sectors Affected: 314 Textile Product Mills; 321 Wood Product Manufacturing; 323 Printing and Related Support Activities; 32411 Petroleum Refineries; 325 Chemical Manufacturing; 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing; 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing; 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing; 333 Machinery Manufacturing; 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing; 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing; 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing; 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing; 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing; 488 Support Activities for Transportation; 493 Warehousing and Storage; 811 Repair and Maintenance; 928 National Security and International Affairs 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Toni Krasnic
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Mail Code 7405M,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:202 564-0984
Email: krasnic.toni@epa.gov

Joel Wolf
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Mail Code 7405M,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:202 564-0432
Email: wolf.joel@epa.gov