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CPSC RIN: 3041-AC28 Publication ID: Fall 2016 
Title: All-Terrain Vehicles 

On October 14, 2005, the Commission published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) concerning all-terrain vehicles (ATVs). Issuance of the ANPRM initiated a rulemaking proceeding under the Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) and the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA). After reviewing the regulatory alternatives and the comments submitted in response to the ANPRM, CPSC staff developed a May 31, 2006, briefing package, recommending that the Commission issue a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) that would formally ban three-wheeled ATVs and mandate performance, training, labeling, and information requirements for four-wheeled ATVs. Other nonregulatory activities also were recommended, including the launch of an ATV safety Web site. A Commission briefing was held on June 15, 2006. On July 12, 2006, the Commission voted unanimously to approve publication of the draft NPRM, with changes, in the Federal Register. The NPRM was published on August 10, 2006, with a comment period closing date of October 24, 2006. Seven ATV manufacturers and distributors requested a 60-day extension of the comment period. The Commission granted their request, and the comment closing date was extended to December 26, 2006. CPSC staff conducted research as directed by the Commission in its vote on July 12, 2006. On February 13, 2008, CPSC staff sent to the Commission a report summarizing the status of CPSC staff's research activities. Section 232 of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) states that the Commission must issue a Final Rule in its ongoing ATV rulemaking proceeding. Section 232 of the CPSIA also directed the Commission to publish as a mandatory standard the voluntary standard for four-wheeled ATVs (ANSI/SVIA 1-2007). The Commission did so with a Federal Register notice on November 14, 2008. The effective date of the mandatory standard was April 13, 2009. Section 232 of the CPSIA also prohibits the importation of new three-wheeled ATVs into the United States, or their distribution in U.S. commerce while the Commission's ATV rulemaking proceeding is pending.


A revised voluntary standard, ANSI/SVIA 1-2010, was published in December 2010. ANSI notified the Commission on March 16, 2011. Following CPSIA direction, CPSC staff sent a briefing package with a draft proposed rule to amend the mandatory consumer product safety standard to reference the 2010 edition of the voluntary standard. On July 15, 2011, the Commission voted 4-0-1 to issue an NPRM, and a Federal Register notice was published on July 25, 2011. The comment period closed on October 11, 2011. CPSC staff sent to the Commission a briefing package with a draft Final Rule changing the referenced standard to ANSI/SVIA 1-2010. The Commission voted to issue the Final Rule to amend the mandatory consumer product safety standard to reference the 2010 edition of the voluntary standard, and the Final Rule was published in the Federal Register on February 29, 2012. Public Law 112-28 directs the Commission to issue a Final Rule in its open rulemaking proceeding not later than one year after the date of enactment of Public Law 112-28 or August 12, 2012. In 2012, because six years had passed since the issuance of the NPRM, the Commission sought to provide stakeholders an opportunity to present their views on the outstanding issues. In addition, once rulemaking is complete, it is envisioned that the next phase of the effort to reduce deaths and injuries associated with the use of ATVs will focus on the different roles each of the various stakeholders can play to achieve that goal. With this in mind, the Commission held an ATV Safety Summit on October 11 to 12, 2012, to (1) provide stakeholders with an opportunity to present their views on some ATV issues that remain from the 2006 notice of proposed rulemaking; and (2) mobilize stakeholders for future action that stakeholders could take to improve the safety of ATVs.


In September 2013, staff prepared and sent to the Commission a report regarding the Safety Summit and the comments that were received in response to the August 2012 Federal Register Notice. In the Commission's FY 2015 Operating Plan, the Commission directed the staff to conduct work to prepare a draft NPRM. Staff is conducting additional studies to support an NPRM, which is scheduled to be delivered to the Commission in FY 2017. 

Agency: Consumer Product Safety Commission(CPSC)  Priority: Substantive, Nonsignificant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Prerule Stage 
Major: Undetermined  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 16 CFR 1307    16 CFR 1410    16 CFR 1500    16 CFR 1515    16 CFR 1420   
Legal Authority: 15 U.S.C. 2051 Consumer Product Safety Act    15 U.S.C. 1261, Federal Hazardous Substances Act   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
Staff Sent Draft ANPRM to Commission  09/15/2005 
Commission Decision  10/05/2005    
ANPRM  10/14/2005  70 FR 60031   
ANPRM Comment Period Closed  12/13/2005    
Staff Sent NPRM Briefing Package to Commission  05/31/2006 
Commission Decision   07/12/2006    
NPRM  08/10/2006  71 FR 45903   
NPRM Comment Period Closed  10/24/2006    
NPRM Comment Period Extended  10/20/2006  71 FR 61923   
NPRM Extended Comment Period Closed  12/26/2006    
Staff Sent Status Report to Commission  02/13/2008 
Commission Published Voluntary Standard as Mandatory Standard  11/14/2008  73 FR 67385   
Staff Sent Draft NPRM to Commission  07/06/2011 
Commission Decision to Publish NPRM to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  07/15/2011 
NPRM to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  07/25/2011  76 FR 44286   
Comment Period End for Updating Voluntary Standard Reference  10/11/2011 
Staff Sent Briefing Package to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  02/08/2012 
Commission Decision to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  02/14/2012 
Final Rule to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  02/29/2012  77 FR 12197   
Staff Sends Briefing Package to Commission about an ATV Safety Summit  08/09/2012 
Commission Decision to Hold ATV Safety Summit  08/14/2012 
Notice of ATV Safety Summit  08/27/2012  77 FR 51731   
ATV Safety Summit  10/11/2012 
Comment Period End  11/14/2012 
Staff Sends Report on ATV Safety Summit to Commission  09/30/2013 
Staff Sends NPRM Briefing Package to Commission  09/00/2017 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: Undetermined 
Federalism: Undetermined 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Alice Thaler
Project Manager, Directorate for Health Sciences
Consumer Product Safety Commission
National Product Testing and Evaluation Center, 5 Research Place,
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:301 987-2240