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DHS/USCBP RIN: 1651-AB04 Publication ID: Fall 2017 
Title: Air Cargo Advance Screening (ACAS) 

To address ongoing aviation security threats, CBP intends to amend its regulations pertaining to the submission of advance air cargo data to implement a mandatory Air Cargo Advance Screening (ACAS) program for any inbound aircraft required to make entry under the CBP regulations that will have commercial cargo aboard. The ACAS program will require the inbound carrier or other eligible party to electronically transmit specified advance cargo data (ACAS data) to CBP for air cargo transported onboard U.S.-bound aircraft as early as practicable, but no later than prior to loading of the cargo onto the aircraft. The ACAS program will enhance the security of the aircraft and passengers on U.S.-bound flights by enabling CBP to perform targeted risk assessments on the air cargo prior to the aircraft’s departure for the United States. These risk assessments will identify and prevent high-risk air cargo from being loaded on the aircraft that could pose a risk to the aircraft during flight.

Agency: Department of Homeland Security(DHS)  Priority: Economically Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: Yes  Unfunded Mandates: No 
EO 13771 Designation: Fully or Partially Exempt 
CFR Citation: 19 CFR 122   
Legal Authority: 19 U.S.C. 2071 note   
Legal Deadline:  None

Statement of Need:

DHS has identified an elevated risk associated with cargo being transported to the United States by air. This rule will help address this risk by giving DHS the data it needs to improve targeting of the cargo prior to departure. 

Summary of the Legal Basis:

The Trade Act of 2002 authorizes CBP to promulgate regulations providing for the mandatory transmission of electronic cargo information by way of a CBP-approved electronic data interchange (EDI) system before the cargo is brought into or departs the United States by any mode of commercial transportation. Under the Trade Act, the required cargo information is that which is reasonably necessary to ensure cargo safety and security pursuant to the laws enforced and administered by CBP. 


In addition to the proposed rule, CBP analyzed two alternatives - Requiring the data elements to be transmitted to CBP further in advance than the proposed rule requires; and requiring fewer data elements.  CBP concluded that the proposal rule provides the most favorable balance between security outcomes and impacts to air transportation.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits:

To improve CBP's risk assessment and targeting capabilities and to enable CBP to target and identify risk cargo prior to departure of the aircraft to the United States, ACAS would require the submission of certain of the advance electronic information for air cargo earlier in the process.  In most cases, the information would have to be submitted as early as practicable, but no later than prior to the loading of cargo onto an U.S.-bound aircraft.  CBP, in conjunction with TSA, has been operating ACAS as a voluntary pilot program since 2010. CBP believes this pilot program has proven successful by not only mitigating risks to the United States, but also minimizing costs to the private sector.  To address ongoing aviation security threats, CBP is transitioning the ACAS pilot program into an ongoing mandatory regulatory program.  Costs of this program to carriers include one-time costs to upgrade systems to facilitate transmission of these data to CBP and recurring per transmission costs.  Benefits of the program include improved security that will result from receiving the data earlier.  



Action Date FR Cite
Interim Final Rule  01/00/2018 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: Undetermined 
Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Craig Clark
Branch Chief, Advance Data Programs and Cargo Initiatives
Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
1300 Pennsylvania Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20229
Phone:202 344-3052