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EPA/OAR RIN: 2060-AU41 Publication ID: Fall 2019 
Title: Control of Air Pollution from New Motor Vehicles: Heavy-Duty Engine Standards 

Heavy-duty engines have been subject to emission standards for all criteria pollutants, including particulate matter (PM), hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx), for nearly half a century; however, current data suggest that the existing standards do not ensure full in-use emission control. In particular, in-use engine NOx emission levels from heavy-duty vehicles can be significantly higher than their certified values under certain conditions. NOx emissions are major precursors of ozone and significant contributors to secondary PM2.5 formation. Ozone and ambient PM2.5 concentrations continue to be a nationwide health and air quality issue. Reducing NOx emissions from on-highway heavy-duty trucks and buses is an important component of improving air quality nationwide and reducing public health and welfare effects associated with these pollutants, especially for vulnerable populations and in highly impacted regions. This action will evaluate data on current NOx emissions from heavy-duty vehicles and engines, and options available to improve control of all criteria pollutant emissions through revised emissions standards. Additionally, this action will evaluate ways to streamline existing requirements.

Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Prerule Stage 
Major: Undetermined  Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined 
EO 13771 Designation: Regulatory 
CFR Citation: Not Yet Determined     (To search for a specific CFR, visit the Code of Federal Regulations.)
Legal Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq., Clean Air Act   
Legal Deadline:  None

Statement of Need:

This action follows petitions for a rulemaking on this issue from over 20 organizations including State and local air agencies from across the country.

Summary of the Legal Basis:

CAA section 202(a).



EPA may request comment to address alternative options in the proposed rule.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits:

Updating these standards will result in NOx reductions from mobile sources and could be one important way that allows areas across the United States to meet National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone and particulate matter. Updating the standards will also offer opportunities to reduce regulatory burden through smarter program design.


Environmental assessments are primarily addressed under another section of the CAA (section 204). EPA released an updated report to Congress on June 29, 2018. More information on this report can be found at: .

Action Date FR Cite
ANPRM  11/00/2019 
NPRM  06/00/2020 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: Undetermined 
Federalism: Undetermined 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Christy Parsons
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Air and Radiation
USEPA National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory,
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:734 214-4243

Julia Burch
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Air and Radiation
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:202 564-0961