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DOI/NPS RIN: 1024-AE19 Publication ID: Spring 2021 
Title: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations 

This rule would revise the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) implementing regulations. The rule would eliminate ambiguities, correct inaccuracies, simplify excessively burdensome and complicated requirements, clarify timelines, and remove offensive terminology in the existing regulations that have inhibited the respectful repatriation of most Native American human remains. This rule would simplify and improve the regulatory process for repatriation and thereby advance the goals of racial justice, equity, and inclusion.

Agency: Department of the Interior(DOI)  Priority: Substantive, Nonsignificant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 43 CFR 10   
Legal Authority: 25 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  10/00/2021 
Additional Information: Since the passage of NAGPRA in 1990, it has been the policy of the United States that human remains of any ancestry must always be treated with dignity and respect. Yet in the last 30 years, less than half of the Native American human remains in collections have been repatriated to their traditional caretakers. The proposed revisions to the existing regulatory requirements would respect the civil rights and sovereignty of Indian Tribes and Native Hawaiians to repatriate their ancestors and cultural items. The proposed rule responds to regular and repeated requests for regulatory revisions and would reduce the regulatory burden on all parties by streamlining requirements in accessible language with clear timelines, removing ambiguity, and improving efficiency. The proposed rule would likely have a positive net benefit, justifying any temporary cost increase.
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: None 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
RIN Information URL:  
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Melanie O'Brien
National NAGPRA Program Manager
Department of the Interior
National Park Service
National NAGPRA Program, 1849 C Street NW,
Washington, DC 20240
Phone:202 354-2204
Email: melanie_o'