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EPA/OAR RIN: 2060-AU57 Publication ID: Fall 2021 
Title: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Flexible Polyurethane Foam Fabrication Operations RTR and Flexible Polyurethane Foam Production and Fabrication Area Source Technology Review 
Abstract:

This action will address the agency’s residual risk and technology review (RTR) of the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Flexible Polyurethane Foam Fabrication Operations (major sources) and the agency’s technology review for the Flexible Polyurethane Foam Production and Fabrication Area Sources NESHAP. The Flexible Polyurethane Foam Fabrication Operations NESHAP, 40 CFR part 63 subpart MMMMM, were promulgated pursuant to section 112(d) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) on April 14, 2003. The NESHAP for Flexible Polyurethane Production and Fabrication (area sources), 40 CFR part 63 subpart OOOOOO, were promulgated on July 16, 2007. The major source NESHAP established emission limitations and work practice requirements based on maximum achievable control technology (MACT) for controlling emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) from loop slitter adhesive use and flame lamination. The HAP emitted from loop slitter adhesive use and flame lamination included methylene chloride and hydrochloric acid. This action will implement the residual risk review requirements of CAA section 112(f)(2) and the technology review requirements of CAA section 112(d)(6). The area source NESHAP established generally available control technology (GACT) standards to address methylene chloride emissions from slabstock polyurethane foam production, molded polyurethane foam production, rebond foam production, and foam fabrication adhesive use. The statute directs the EPA to promulgate emission standards under CAA 112(f)(2) if such standards are required in order to provide an ample margin of safety to protect public health or to prevent, taking relevant factors into account, an adverse environmental effect. Any such standards are to be promulgated within 8 years after promulgation of MACT standards under CAA section 112(d). CAA section 112(d)(6) requires the EPA to review and revise the MACT and GACT standards as necessary, taking into account developments in practices, processes, and control technologies, no less often than every 8 years. Pursuant to a court order (Community In-Power and Development Association v. Pruitt, No. 16-cv-1074KBJ (D.D.C. 2018)), the EPA is obligated to complete this final action by November 1, 2021.

 
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Substantive, Nonsignificant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 40 CFR 63 Subpart LLL   
Legal Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7412 Clean Air Act    42 U.S.C. 7607(d)(7)(B)   
Legal Deadline:
Action Source Description Date
Final  Judicial  16-cv-01074-KBJ; 3/31/18.  10/01/2021 
Timetable:
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  01/11/2021  86 FR 1868   
Final Rule  11/00/2021 
Additional Information: EPA-HQ-OAR-2020-0572.
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: None 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
Sectors Affected: 326150 Urethane and Other Foam Product (except Polystyrene) Manufacturing 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Lisa Sutton
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Air and Radiation
C504-03,
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-3450
Fax:919 541-5315
Email: sutton.lisa@epa.gov

Keith Barnett
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Air and Radiation
D243-04,
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-5605
Fax:919 541-4991
Email: barnett.keith@epa.gov