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DHS/USCIS RIN: 1615-AC65 Publication ID: Fall 2022 
Title: Particular Social Group and Related Definitions and Interpretations for Asylum and Withholding of Removal  

This rule proposes to amend Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Department of Justice (DOJ) (collectively, "the Departments”) regulations that govern eligibility for asylum and withholding of removal. The amendments focus on portions of the regulations that deal with the definitions of membership in a particular social group and the interpretation of various other elements of eligibility for asylum, including some that are often determinative in particular social group claims, such as the requirements for failure of State protection, and determinations about whether persecution is on account of a protected ground. The rule will also propose to modify or rescind portions of the Procedures for Asylum and Withholding of Removal; Credible Fear and Reasonable Fear Review final rule (RINs 1125-AA94 and 1615-AC42). This rule is consistent with Executive Order 14010 of February 2, 2021, which directs the Departments to promulgate joint regulations, consistent with applicable law, addressing the circumstances in which a person should be considered a member of a particular social group.

Agency: Department of Homeland Security(DHS)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: Undetermined  Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined 
CFR Citation: 8 CFR 2    8 CFR 208    8 CFR 1208   
Legal Authority: 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(42)    8 U.S.C. 1158    8 U.S.C. 1225    8 U.S.C. 1231 and 1231 (note)    E.O. 14010    86 Fed. Reg. 8267 (Feb. 2, 2021)   
Legal Deadline:  None

Statement of Need:

The Departments propose this rule to clarify standards governing numerous elements of eligibility for asylum, withholding of removal under section 241(b)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, and protection from removal under the regulations that implement U.S. obligations in immigration cases under Article 3 of the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. The rule proposes to rescind certain provisions of the Procedures for Asylum and Withholding of Removal; Credible Fear and Reasonable Fear Review final rule, which had addressed many of the same issues. See 85 FR 80274. The previous rule was the subject of multiple suits challenging the rule on numerous procedural and substantive grounds, and was preliminarily enjoined before it became effective. Pangea Legal Servs. v. U.S. Dep’t of Homeland Sec., 512 F. Supp. 3d 966, 977 (N.D. Cal. 2021). In some circumstances the Departments have decided to republish changes made in the Global Asylum Rule without amendment. The purpose of doing so is to remedy any alleged procedural deficiencies with the enactment of those provisions. In other instances, the Departments now propose different provisions with the goal of adopting clearer and simpler analyses that would reduce burdens on adjudicators and applicants, and result in more consistent and accurate adjudications. The Departments believe that the existing standards governing these issues have become confusing, overly complex, and subject to inconsistent interpretations among adjudicators and across federal circuit courts on numerous issues. The Departments propose this rule to rectify these problems.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits:

DHS is currently considering the specific cost and benefit impacts of the proposed provisions.

Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  03/00/2023 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: Undetermined 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: Undetermined 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Related RINs: Related to 1615-AC42, Related to 1125-AB13, Related to 1125-AA94  Related Agencies: Joint: DOJ; 
Agency Contact:
Rena Cutlip-Mason
Chief, Division of Humanitarian Affairs, OP&S
Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
5900 Capital Gateway Drive,
Camp Springs, MD 20746
Phone:240 721-3000