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DHS/USCG RIN: 1625-AB21 Publication ID: 2012 
Title: Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC); Card Reader Requirements 
Abstract: The Coast Guard is establishing electronic card reader requirements for maritime facilities and vessels to be used in combination with TSA's Transportation Worker Identification Credential. Congress enacted several statutory requirements within the Security and Accountability For Every (SAFE) Port Act of 2006 to guide regulations pertaining to TWIC readers, including the need to evaluate TSA's final pilot program report as part of the TWIC reader rulemaking. During the rulemaking process, we will take into account the final pilot data and the various conditions in which TWIC readers may be employed. For example, we will consider the types of vessels and facilities that will use TWIC readers, locations of secure and restricted areas, operational constraints, and need for accessibility. Recordkeeping requirements, amendments to security plans, and the requirement for data exchanges (i.e., Canceled Card List) between TSA and vessel or facility owners/operators will also be addressed in this rulemaking. 
Agency: Department of Homeland Security(DHS)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 33 CFR, subchapter H     (To search for a specific CFR, visit the Code of Federal Regulations.)
Legal Authority: 33 USC 1226    33 USC 1231    46 USC ch 701    50 USC 191 and 192    EO 12656   
Legal Deadline:
Action Source Description Date
Final  Statutory  SAFE Port Act, codified at 46 USC 70105(k)  08/20/2010 

Overall Description of Deadline: The final rule is required 2 years after the commencement of the pilot program.

Statement of Need: The Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) of 2002 explicitly required the issuance of a biometric transportation security card to all U.S. merchant mariners and to workers requiring unescorted access to secure areas of MTSA-regulated facilities and vessels. On May 22, 2006, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and the Coast Guard published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to carry out this statute, proposing a Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) Program where TSA conducts security threat assessments and issues identification credentials, while the Coast Guard requires integration of the TWIC into the access control systems of vessels, facilities, and Outer Continental Shelf facilities. Based on comments received during the public comment period, TSA and the Coast Guard split the TWIC rule. The final TWIC rule, published in January of 2007, addressed the issuance of the TWIC and use of the TWIC as a visual identification credential at access control points. The ANPRM, published in March of 2009, proposed a risk-based approach to TWIC reader requirements and included proposals to classify MTSA-regulated vessels and facilities into one of three risk groups, based on specific factors related to TSI consequence, and apply TWIC reader requirements for vessels and facilities in conjunction with their relative risk-group placement. This rulemaking is necessary to comply with the SAFE Port Act and to complete the implementation of the TWIC Program in our ports. By requiring electronic card readers at vessels and facilities, the Coast Guard will further enhance port security and improve access control measures.

Summary of the Legal Basis: The statutory authorities for the Coast Guard to prescribe, change, revise, or amend these regulations are provided under 33 U.S.C. 1226, 1231; 46 U.S.C. chapter 701; 50 U.S.C. 191, 192; Executive Order 12656, 3 CFR 1988 Comp., p. 585; 33 CFR 1.05-1, 6.04-11, 6.14, 6.16, and 6.19; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.

Alternatives: The implementation of TWIC reader requirements is mandated by the SAFE Port Act. The Coast Guard is currently considering several regulatory alternatives regarding how to implement the TWIC reader requirements. These alternatives will be further explored in the NPRM.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits: The main cost drivers of this proposal are the acquisition and installation of TWIC readers and the maintenance of the affected entity's TWIC reader system. Costs, which we would distribute over a phased-in implementation period, consist predominantly of the costs to purchase, install, and integrate approved TWIC readers to their current physical access control system. Recurring annual costs will be driven by costs associated with canceled card list updates, opportunity cost associated with delays and replacement of TWICs that cannot be read, and maintenance of the affected entity's TWIC reader system. At this time, we are still developing our estimates for the impacts of this proposed rule. The benefits of the rulemaking include the enhancement of the security of vessel ports and other facilities by ensuring that only individuals who hold valid TWICs are granted unescorted access to secure areas at those locations. It will also implement the 2002 MTSA transportation security card requirements, thereby ensuring compliance with those statutes.

Risks: USCG used risk-based decision-making to develop this proposed rule.

Action Date FR Cite
ANPRM  03/27/2009  74 FR 13360   
Notice of Public Meeting  04/15/2009  74 FR 17444   
ANPRM Comment Period End  05/26/2009    
Notice of Public Meeting Comment Period End  05/26/2009    
NPRM  02/00/2013 
Additional Information: The docket number for this rulemaking is USCG-2007-28915. The docket can be found at
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: None 
Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
RIN Information URL:   Public Comment URL:  
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Related RINs: Related to 1625-AB02  Related Agencies: Common: DHS/TSA; 
Agency Contact:
LCDR Loan O'Brien
Project Manager
Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Coast Guard
Commandant, (CG-FAC-2), 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue, SE., STOP 7501,
Washington, DC 20593-7501
Phone:202 372-1133
Email: loan.t.o'