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EPA/SWER RIN: 2050-AG46 Publication ID: Fall 2014 
Title: Revising Underground Storage Tank Regulations--Revisions to Existing Requirements and New Requirements for Secondary Containment and Operator Training 
Abstract:

The Underground Storage Tank (UST) regulations were first promulgated in 1988 primarily to prevent releases from retail petroleum marketers (gas stations) and other facilities into the environment. These regulations have reduced the incidents of contamination. However, there is a need to revise the regulations to incorporate changes to the UST program from the Energy Policy Act of 2005, as well as to update outdated portions of the regulations due to changes in technology since the 1980s. On August 8, 2005, President Bush signed the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct). Title XV, Subtitle B of this act (entitled the Underground Storage Tank Compliance Act of 2005), amends Subtitle I of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the original legislation that created the UST program. There are key provisions of the EPAct that apply to states receiving federal UST funding but do not apply in Indian Country, including requirements for secondary containment and operator training. The EPA will also use our knowledge of the program gained over the last 20 years to update and revise the regulations to make targeted changes to improve implementation and prevent UST releases. In the NPRM, the EPA proposed: adding secondary containment requirements for new and replaced tanks and piping; adding operator training requirements; adding periodic operation and maintenance requirements for UST systems; removing certain deferrals; adding new release prevention and detection technologies; updating codes of practice; making editorial and technical corrections; and updating state program approval requirements to incorporate these new changes.

 
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Economically Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: Yes  Unfunded Mandates: Private Sector 
EO 13771 Designation:  
CFR Citation: 40 CFR 280-281     (To search for a specific CFR, visit the Code of Federal Regulations.)
Legal Authority: 42 USC 6991et seq   
Legal Deadline:  None

Statement of Need:

The Underground Storage Tank (UST) regulations were first promulgated in 1988 primarily to prevent releases from retail petroleum marketers (gas stations) and other facilities into the environment. These regulations have reduced the incidents of contamination. However, there is a need to revise the regulations to incorporate changes to the UST program from the Energy Policy Act of 2005, as well as to update outdated portions of the regulations due to changes in technology since the 1980s. On August 8, 2005, President Bush signed the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct). Title XV, Subtitle B of this act (entitled the Underground Storage Tank Compliance Act of 2005), amends Subtitle I of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the original legislation that created the UST program. There are key provisions of the EPAct that apply to states receiving federal UST funding but do not apply in Indian Country, including requirements for secondary containment and operator training. EPA also used its knowledge of the program gained over the last 20 years to propose revisions to the regulations to make targeted changes to improve implementation and prevent UST releases.

Summary of the Legal Basis:

The legal basis for this rulemaking comes from 42 USC 6912, 6991, 6991(a), 6991(b), 6991(c), 6991(d), 6991(e), 6991(f), 6991(g), and 6991(h).

Alternatives:

Anticipated Costs and Benefits:

The EPA prepared an analysis of the potential incremental costs and benefits associated with the revisions to the UST regulation. The RIA estimated regulatory implementation and compliance costs, as well as benefits for the regulatory options considered. A substantial portion of the beneficial impacts associated with the final UST regulation are avoided cleanup costs as a result of preventing releases and reducing the severity of releases. Due to data and resource constraints, the EPA was unable to quantify some of the final UST regulation's benefits, including avoidance of human health risks, ecological benefits, and mitigation of acute exposure events and large-scale releases, such as those from airport hydrant systems and field-constructed tanks. This regulation will increase the protection of groundwater throughout the country, but the EPA was unable to place a value on the groundwater protected by this UST regulation. 

Under the proposed rule, on an annualized basis, the estimated regulatory compliance costs are $210 million (Selected Option), $520 million (Option 1) and $130 million (Option 2). Separately, the proposed rule allows for annual cost savings related to avoided costs of $300-470 million (Selected Option), $310-770 million (Option 1) and $110-590 million (Option 2).

Risks:

There are approximately 575,000 underground storage tanks (USTs) nationwide that store petroleum or hazardous substances. The greatest potential threat from a leaking UST is contamination of groundwater, the source of drinking water for nearly half of all Americans.

Timetable:
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  11/18/2011  76 FR 71708   
NPRM Comment Period Extended  02/15/2012  77 FR 8757   
Final Rule  02/00/2015 
Additional Information: Docket #:EPA-HQ-UST-2011-0301
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: Federal, Local, State, Tribal 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
RIN Information URL: http://www.epa.gov/oust/fedlaws/proposedregs.html   Public Comment URL: http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=EPA-HQ-UST-2011-0301-0001  
Sectors Affected: 111 Crop Production; 112 Animal Production; 2211 Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution; 31-33 Manufacturing; 42 Wholesale Trade; 44-45 Retail Trade; 447 Gasoline Stations; 481 Air Transportation; 483 Water Transportation; 484 Truck Transportation; 485 Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation; 486 Pipeline Transportation; 48811 Airport Operations; 622 Hospitals; 72 Accommodation and Food Services 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Elizabeth McDermott
Environmental Protection Agency
Solid Waste and Emergency Response
5401P,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:703 603-7175
Fax:703 603-0175
Email: mcdermott.elizabeth@epamail.epa.gov

Paul Miller
Environmental Protection Agency
Solid Waste and Emergency Response
5401P,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:703 603-7165
Fax:703 603-0175
Email: miller.paul@epamail.epa.gov