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|USDA/APHIS||RIN: 0579-AE47||Publication ID: Fall 2018|
|Title: ●Importation, Interstate Movement, and Release Into the Environment of Certain Genetically Engineered Organisms|
APHIS is proposing to revise its regulations regarding the importation, interstate movement, and environmental release of certain genetically engineered organisms in order to update the regulations in response to advances in genetic engineering and APHIS' understanding of the plant health risk posed by genetically engineered organisms, thereby reducing the burden for regulated entities whose organisms pose no plant health risks.
|Agency: Department of Agriculture(USDA)||Priority: Other Significant|
|RIN Status: First time published in the Unified Agenda||Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage|
|Major: No||Unfunded Mandates: No|
|EO 13771 Designation: Deregulatory|
|CFR Citation: 7 CFR 340|
|Legal Authority: 7 U.S.C. 7701 to 7772 7 U.S.C. 7781- to 786|
Statement of Need:
This rule is necessary in order to respond to advances in genetic engineering and APHIS’ understanding of the pest risks posed by genetically engineered (GE) organisms, to assess such organisms for plant pest risks in light of those advances and establish a process to determine whether APHIS has jurisdiction under the Plant Protection Act to regulate specific GE organisms under Part 340, and to respond to two Office of Inspector General audits regarding APHIS’ regulation of genetically engineered organisms, as well as the requirements of the 2008 Farm Bill.
Summary of the Legal Basis:
The Plant Protection Act, as amended (7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.).
Alternatives that we considered were (1) to leave the regulations unchanged and (2) to regulate all GE organisms as presenting a possible plant pest or noxious weed risk, without exception, and with no means of granting nonregulated status.
Anticipated Costs and Benefits:
Not yet determined.
Unless we issue this proposal, we will not be able to respond to the products of future technologies and not be able to provide appropriate oversight of GE organisms that pose a plant pest risk. Additionally, as noted above, the current regulations do not incorporate recommendations of two OIG audits, and do not respond to the requirements of the 2008 Farm Bill, particularly regarding APHIS oversight of field trials and environmental releases of genetically engineered organisms.
|Additional Information: Additional information about APHIS and its programs is available on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov.|
|Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined||Government Levels Affected: Federal, State|
|Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes|
|International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.|
|RIN Data Printed in the FR: No|
Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
4700 River Road, Unit 147,
Riverdale, MD 20737-1236