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DHS/TSA RIN: 1652-AA55 Publication ID: Fall 2018 
Title: Security Training for Surface Transportation Employees 

The 9/11 Act requires security training for employees of higher-risk freight railroad carriers, public transportation agencies (including rail mass transit and bus systems), passenger railroad carriers, and over-the-road bus (OTRB) companies. This final rule implements the regulatory mandate. Owner/operators of these higher-risk railroads, systems, and companies will be required to train employees performing security-sensitive functions, using a curriculum addressing preparedness and how to observe, assess, and respond to terrorist-related threats and/or incidents.  As part of this rulemaking, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is expanding its current requirements for rail security coordinators and reporting of significant security concerns (currently limited to freight railroads, passenger railroads, and the rail operations of public transportation systems) to include the bus components of higher-risk public transportation systems and higher-risk OTRB companies. TSA is also adding a definition for Transportation Security-Sensitive Materials (TSSM). Other provisions are being amended or added, as necessary, to implement these additional requirements.

Agency: Department of Homeland Security(DHS)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: Yes  Unfunded Mandates: No 
EO 13771 Designation: Other 
CFR Citation: 49 CFR 1500    49 CFR 1520    49 CFR 1570    49 CFR 1580    49 CFR 1582 (new)    49 CFR 1584 (new)   
Legal Authority: 49 U.S.C. 114    Pub. L. 110-53, secs. 1405, 1408, 1501, 1512, 1517, 1531, and 1534   
Legal Deadline:
Action Source Description Date
Final  Statutory  Rule for railroads and over-the-road buses is due 6 months after date of enactment.  02/03/2008 
Final  Statutory  Interim Rule for public transportation agencies is due 90 days after date of enactment.  11/01/2007 
Final  Statutory  Rule for public transportation agencies is due one year after date of enactment.  08/03/2008 

Overall Description of Deadline: According to sec. 1408 of Pub. L. 110-53, Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (9/11 Act), (121 Stat. 266, Aug. 3, 2007), interim final regulations for public transportation agencies are due 90 days after the date of enactment (Nov. 1, 2007), and final regulations are due one year after the date of enactment. According to sec. 1517 of the 9/11 Act, final regulations for railroads and over-the-road buses are due no later than 6 months after the date of enactment.

Statement of Need:

Employee training is an important and effective tool for averting or mitigating potential attacks by those with malicious intent who may target surface transportation and plan or perpetrate actions that may cause significant injuries, loss of life, or economic disruption.

Summary of the Legal Basis:

49 U.S.C. 114; sections 1402, 1408, 1501, 1517, 1531, and 1534 of Pub. L. 110-53, Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (121 Stat. 266, Aug. 3, 2007).


TSA is required by statute to publish regulations requiring security training programs for these owner/operators. As part of its notice of proposed rulemaking, TSA sought public comment on alternatives in which the final rule could carry out the requirements of the statute.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits:

Owner/operators will incur costs for training their employees, developing a training plan, maintaining training records, and participating in inspections for compliance. Some owner/operators will also incur additional costs associated with assigning security coordinators and reporting significant security incidents to TSA. TSA will incur costs associated with reviewing owner/operators’ training plans, registering owner/operators’ security coordinators, responding to owner/operators’ reported significant security incidents, and conducting inspections for compliance with this rule. In the NPRM, TSA estimated the annualized cost from this regulation to be approximately $22 million, discounted at 7 percent. As part of TSA’s risk-based security, benefits include mitigating potential attacks by heightening awareness of employees on the frontline. In addition, by designating security coordinators and reporting significant security concerns to TSA, TSA has a direct line for communicating threats and receiving information necessary to analyze trends and potential threats across all modes of transportation.


The Department of Homeland Security aims to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States and to reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism. By providing for security training for personnel, TSA intends in this rulemaking to reduce the risk of a terrorist attack on this transportation sector.

Action Date FR Cite
Notice; Request for Comment  06/14/2013  78 FR 35945   
Notice; Comment Period End  07/15/2013 
NPRM  12/16/2016  81 FR 91336   
NPRM Comment Period End  03/16/2017 
Final Rule  11/00/2018 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Yes  Government Levels Affected: Local 
Small Entities Affected: Businesses  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
RIN Information URL:   Public Comment URL:  
RIN Data Printed in the FR: Yes 
Related RINs: Related to 1652-AA56, Merged with 1652-AA57, Merged with 1652-AA59 
Agency Contact:
Chandru (Jack) Kalro
Deputy Director, Surface Division
Department of Homeland Security
Transportation Security Administration
Policy, Plans, and Engagement, 601 South 12th Street,
Arlington, VA 20598-6028
Phone:571 227-1145

Alex Moscoso
Chief Economist, Economic Analysis Branch-Coordination & Analysis Division
Department of Homeland Security
Transportation Security Administration
Policy, Plans, and Engagement, 6595 Springfield Center Drive,
Springfield, VA 20598-6028
Phone:571 227-5839

Traci Klemm
Assistant Chief Counsel, Regulations and Security Standards
Department of Homeland Security
Transportation Security Administration
Chief Counsel's Office, 6595 Springfield Center Drive,
Springfield, VA 20598-6002
Phone:571 227-3596