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EPA/OW RIN: 2040-AF55 Publication ID: Spring 2020 
Title: Use of Lead Free Pipes, Fittings, Fixtures, Solder and Flux for Drinking Water 

The Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act was enacted on January 4, 2011, to amend section 1417 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) to address the use and introduction into commerce of any lead pipe, any pipe or plumbing fittings or fixtures, any solder and or any flux. The 2011 "Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act" revised SDWA Section 1417 to: (1) Redefine "lead free" in SDWA section 1417(d) to (a) lower the maximum lead content of plumbing products such as pipes and fixtures from 8 percent to 0.25 percent; (b) establish a statutory method for the calculation of lead content; and (c) eliminate the requirement that lead free products be in compliance with voluntary standards established in accordance with SDWA section 1417(e) for leaching of lead from new plumbing fittings and fixtures; and (2) Create exemptions in SDWA section 1417(a)(4) from the prohibitions on the use or introduction into commerce for: (a) pipes, pipe fittings, plumbing fittings or fixtures, including backflow preventers, that are used exclusively for nonpotable services such as manufacturing, industrial processing, irrigation, outdoor watering, or any other uses where the water is not anticipated to be used for human consumption (SDWA section 1417(a)(4)(A)); and (b) toilets, bidets, urinals, fill valves, flushometer valves, tub fillers, shower valves, service saddles, or water distribution main-gate valves that are two inches in diameter or larger. (SDWA section 1417(a)(4)(B)). The Community Fire Safety Act of 2013 further amended section 1417 of SDWA to exempt fire hydrants from the prohibitions on use and introduction into commerce of pipes, fittings, and fixtures that are not lead free. On January 17, 2017, the EPA proposed regulations to assist in the implementation of these amendments to section 1417 of SDWA.

Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: Undetermined  Unfunded Mandates: No 
EO 13771 Designation: Regulatory 
CFR Citation: 40 CFR 141    40 CFR 143   
Legal Authority: 42 U.S.C. 300f et seq., Safe Drinking Water Act   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  01/17/2017  82 FR 4805   
Final Rule  06/00/2020 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: Federal, Local, State, Tribal 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
Sectors Affected: 326122 Plastics Pipe and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing; 332911 Industrial Valve Manufacturing; 332913 Plumbing Fixture Fitting and Trim Manufacturing; 332919 Other Metal Valve and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing; 332996 Fabricated Pipe and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing; 332999 All Other Miscellaneous Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing; 333318 Other Commercial and Service Industry Machinery Manufacturing; 333415 Air-Conditioning and Warm Air Heating Equipment and Commercial and Industrial Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturing; 333911 Pump and Pumping Equipment Manufacturing; 333999 All Other Miscellaneous General Purpose Machinery Manufacturing; 334514 Totalizing Fluid Meter and Counting Device Manufacturing; 335222 Household Refrigerator and Home Freezer Manufacturing; 335228 Other Major Household Appliance Manufacturing; 339991 Gasket, Packing, and Sealing Device Manufacturing 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Russ Perkinson
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Water
Mail Code 4607M, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:202 564-4901
Fax:202 564-3760

Jeffrey Kempic
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Water
4607M, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:202 564-4880