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DOC/BIS RIN: 0694-AI21 Publication ID: Spring 2022 
Title: Commerce Control List: Controls on Certain Marine Toxins 

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) has identified four naturally occurring, dual-use, biological toxins for evaluation as a potential emerging technology, consistent with the interagency process described in Section 1758 of the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 (ECRA) (50 U.S.C. 4801-4852), as codified under 50 U.S.C. 4817.  These toxins have the potential (through either accidental or deliberate release) to cause casualties in humans or animals, degrade equipment, or damage crops or the environment.  Furthermore, they are now capable of being more easily isolated and purified due to novel synthesis methods and equipment.  Consequently, the absence of export controls on these toxins could be exploited for biological weapons purposes.  To address this concern, BIS proposes to amend the Commerce Control List (CCL) by adding these toxins to Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) 1C351.  This rule requests public comments to ensure that the scope of these proposed controls will be effective and appropriate (with respect to their potential impact on legitimate commercial or scientific applications).

Agency: Department of Commerce(DOC)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 15 CFR 740    15 CFR 742    15 CFR 774   
Legal Authority: 50 U.S.C. 4801 to 4852    50 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.    50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.    10 U.S.C. 8720   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  05/23/2022  87 FR 31195   
NPRM Comment Period End  06/22/2022 
Final Action  08/00/2022 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: None 
Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Willard Fisher
Export Administration Specialist
Department of Commerce
Bureau of Industry and Security
14th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20230
Phone:202 482-2440
Fax:202 482-3355