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EPA/OCSPP RIN: 2070-AK83 Publication ID: Fall 2022 
Title: Trichloroethylene; Rulemaking Under Section 6(a) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) 
Abstract:

This proposed rulemaking will address the unreasonable risk of injury to health identified in the final risk evaluation for trichloroethylene (TCE). Section 6(a) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) requires EPA to eliminate unreasonable risks of injury to health or the environment that the Administrator has determined in a TSCA section 6(b) risk evaluation are presented by a chemical substance under the conditions of use. EPA's risk evaluation for TCE, describing the conditions of use and presenting EPA's determination of unreasonable risk, is in docket EPA-HQ-OPPT-2019-0500, with additional information in docket EPA-HQ-OPPT-2016-0737.

 
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: Undetermined  Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined 
CFR Citation: 40 CFR 751   
Legal Authority: 15 U.S.C. 2605 Toxic Substances Control Act   
Legal Deadline:
Action Source Description Date
Final  Statutory  TSCA section 6(c)  11/30/2022 
NPRM  Statutory  TSCA section 6(c)  11/30/2021 

Statement of Need:

This rulemaking is needed to address the unreasonable risks of TCE that were identified in a risk evaluation completed under TSCA section 6(b). EPA reviewed the exposures and hazards of TCE, the magnitude of risk, exposed populations, severity of the hazard, uncertainties, and other factors. EPA sought input from the public and peer reviewers as required by TSCA and associated regulations.

Summary of the Legal Basis:

In accordance with TSCA section 6(a), if EPA determines in a final risk evaluation completed under TSCA 6(b) that the manufacture, processing, distribution in commerce, use, or disposal of a chemical substance or mixture, or that any combination of such activities, presents an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment, the Agency must issue regulations requiring one or more of the following actions to the extent necessary so that the chemical substance no longer presents an unreasonable risk: (1) Prohibit or otherwise restrict manufacture, processing, or distribution in commerce of the substance, or limit the amount of the substance which may be manufactured, processed, or distributed in commerce; (2) Prohibit or otherwise restrict manufacture, processing, or distribution in commerce of the substance for a particular use or for a particular use above a set concentration, or limit the amount of the substance which may be manufactured, processed, or distributed in commerce for a particular use or for a particular use above a set concentration; (3) Require minimum warnings and instructions with respect to use, distribution in commerce, or disposal; (4) Require recordkeeping or testing by manufacturers or processors; (5) Prohibit or regulate any manner or method of commercial use; (6) Prohibit or regulate any manner or method of disposal for commercial purposes; and/or (7) Direct manufacturers or processors to give notice of the unreasonable risk to distributors, other persons, and the public and replace or repurchase the substance if required.

Alternatives:

TSCA section 6(a) requires EPA to address by rule chemical substances that the Agency determines present unreasonable risk upon completion of a final risk evaluation. As required under TSCA section 6(c), EPA will consider one or more primary alternative regulatory actions as part of the development of a proposed rule.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits:

EPA will prepare a regulatory impact analysis as the Agency develops the proposed rule.

Risks:

As EPA determined in the TSCA section 6(b) risk evaluation, TCE presents unreasonable risks to human health. EPA must issue risk management requirements so that this chemical substance no longer presents an unreasonable risk. For more information, visit: https://www.epa.gov/assessing-and-managing-chemicals-under-tsca/risk-management-existing-chemicals-under-tsca.

Timetable:
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  06/00/2023 
Final Rule  09/00/2024 
Additional Information: EPA-HQ-OPPT-2020-0642.
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Yes  Government Levels Affected: Federal, State 
Small Entities Affected: Businesses  Federalism: Yes 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.
RIN Information URL: https://www.epa.gov/assessing-and-managing-chemicals-under-tsca/risk-management-trichloroethylene-tce  
Sectors Affected: 325 Chemical Manufacturing 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: Yes 
Agency Contact:
Katelan McNamara
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:202 564-4361
Email: mcnamara.katelan@epa.gov

Joel Wolf
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Mail Code 7405M,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:202 564-0432
Email: wolf.joel@epa.gov