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EPA/OAR RIN: 2060-AV16 Publication ID: Spring 2023 
Title: New Source Performance Standards and Emission Guidelines for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Facilities: Climate Review 

On November 15, 2021, the EPA proposed new source performance standards and emission guidelines for crude oil and natural gas facilities. (86 FR 63110). This action was in response to the January 20, 2021, Executive Order titled "Protecting Public Health and the Environment and Restoring Science to Tackle the Climate Crisis." The 2021 action proposed to update and strengthen methane and VOC standards on the books for new sources, add standards for currently unregulated new sources, establish first nationwide Emission Guidelines for states to regulate existing sources. On December 6, 2022, in a supplemental proposal, EPA proposed to update, strengthen, and expand its November 2021 proposal that would secure major climate and health benefits for all Americans by reducing emissions of methane and other harmful air pollution from both new and existing sources in the oil and natural gas industry (87 FR 74702). The supplemental proposal would achieve more comprehensive emissions reductions from oil and natural gas operations by improving standards in the 2021 proposal and adding proposed requirements for sources not previously covered. Specific proposed requirements include fugitive emissions monitoring and repair at well sites, stronger requirements for flares, zero emissions standards for pneumatic pumps, new standards for dry seal compressors, and a program to allow approved third parties to identify super-emitting events for prompt mitigation. The supplemental proposal also promotes innovation in methane detection technology. The proposal included details for implementing the Emissions Guidelines, which would require states to develop plans that establish, implement, and enforce performance standards for hundreds of thousands of existing sources across the country. State requirements must generally reflect the reductions achievable by applying the Best System of Emission Reduction that EPA has determined has been adequately demonstrated. States would have to submit plans including their requirements to EPA for review. The Agency expects to issue a final rule later this year.

Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Economically Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: Yes  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 40 CFR 60    subpart OOOOa     (To search for a specific CFR, visit the Code of Federal Regulations.)
Legal Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7411   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  11/15/2021  86 FR 63110   
NPRM Comment Period Extended  12/17/2021  86 FR 71603   
Supplemental NPRM  12/06/2022  87 FR 74702   
Final Rule  08/00/2023 
Additional Information: EPA-HQ-OAR-2021-0317.
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Yes  Government Levels Affected: Federal, Local, State, Tribal 
Small Entities Affected: Businesses  Federalism: No 
Energy Effects: Statement of Energy Effects planned as required by Executive Order 13211.  Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.
Sectors Affected: 211 Oil and Gas Extraction; 2111 Oil and Gas Extraction; 213111 Drilling Oil and Gas Wells; 213112 Support Activities for Oil and Gas Operations; 23712 Oil and Gas Pipeline and Related Structures Construction; 237120 Oil and Gas Pipeline and Related Structures Construction 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: Yes 
Agency Contact:
Karen Marsh
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Air and Radiation
109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Mail Code E143-01,
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-1065

Steve Fruh
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Air and Radiation
109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Mail Code E143-01,
Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, NC 27711
Phone:919 541-2837