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DOI/FWS RIN: 1018-BC98 Publication ID: Fall 2023 
Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Removal of 21 Extinct Species From the Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants 

FWS removed the following species from the Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants due to extinction: MAMMAL: Little Mariana fruit bat (Pteropus tokudae); BIRDS: Bachman’s warbler (Vermivora bachmanii), bridled white-eye (Zosterops conspicillatus conspicillatus), Kakawahie (or Molokai creeper) (Paroreomyza flammea), Kauai akialoa (Akialoa stejnegeri), Kauai nukupuu (Hemignathus hanapepe), Kauai oo (Moho braccatus), Maui akepa (Loxops ochraceus), Maui nukupuu (Hemignathus affinis), Poouli (Melamprosops phaeosoma), and large Kauai thrush (kama) (Myadestes myadestinus); FISH: San Marcos gambusia (Gambusia georgei) and Scioto madtom (Noturus trautmani); and CLAMS: flat pigtoe (Pleurobema marshalli), green blossom (pearlymussel) (Epioblasma torulosa gubernaculum), southern acornshell (Epioblasma othcaloogensis), stirrupshell (Quadrula stapes), tubercled blossom (pearlymussel) (Epioblasma torulosa torulosa), turgid blossom (pearlymussel) (Epioblasma turgidula), upland combshell (Epioblasma metastriata), and yellow blossom (pearlymussel) (Epioblasma florentina florentina). These species no longer require the protection of the Endangered Species Act because they have gone extinct. The species addressed in this rule have not been observed for several decades, and adequate survey efforts have been conducted that support the Service’s decisions. Additionally, the species included in the rule have 5-year reviews that recommend delisting due to extinction or that repeatedly discuss the species is likely extinct. FWS withdrew the proposal to remove Phyllostegia glabra var. lanaiensis (no common name) from the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants, and FWS will make a separate final determination on our proposal to remove the ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) and from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife.

Agency: Department of the Interior(DOI)  Priority: Substantive, Nonsignificant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 50 CFR 17   
Legal Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  09/30/2021  86 FR 54298   
NPRM Comment Period End  11/29/2021 
NPRM Comment Period Reopened  01/11/2022  87 FR 1390   
Correction  01/14/2022  87 FR 2389   
Public Hearing  01/26/2022  87 FR 1390   
Second NPRM Comment Period End  02/10/2022 
NPRM Comment Period Reopened; ivory-billed woodpecker 6-month extension  07/07/2022  87 FR 40477   
NPRM Comment Period End  08/08/2022 
Final Action  10/17/2023  88 FR 71644   
Final Action Effective  11/16/2023 
Final Action; Withdrawal of Proposed Rule for Phyllostegia glabra var. lanaiensis   10/17/2023  88 FR 71520   
Final Action Effective; Withdrawal of Proposed Rule for Phyllostegia glabra var. lanaiensis  10/17/2023 
Final Action; ivory-billed woodpecker  04/00/2024 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: Federal, Local, State 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Rachel London
Branch of Delisting and Foreign Species, Ecological Services
Department of the Interior
United States Fish and Wildlife Service
5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: ES,
Falls Church, VA 22041
Phone:703 358-2491
Fax:703 358-1735