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DOI/FWS RIN: 1018-BF51 Publication ID: Fall 2023 
Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Removing Island Bedstraw and Santa Cruz Island Dudleya From the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants 

FWS will make a final determination on our proposal to remove island bedstraw (Galium buxifolium) and Santa Cruz Island dudleya (Dudleya nesiotica) from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Plants on the basis of recovery. Both of these native plant species occur in the Channel Islands National Park off the coast of California. The best available scientific and commercial data indicates that the threats to island bedstraw and Santa Cruz Island dudleya have been eliminated or reduced to the point that these species have recovered and no longer meet the definition of an endangered or threatened species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended.

Agency: Department of the Interior(DOI)  Priority: Substantive, Nonsignificant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 50 CFR 17   
Legal Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  12/01/2022  87 FR 73722   
NPRM Comment Period End  01/30/2023 
Final Action  12/00/2023 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: Federal, State 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Rachel London
Branch of Delisting and Foreign Species, Ecological Services
Department of the Interior
United States Fish and Wildlife Service
5275 Leesburg Pike, MS: ES,
Falls Church, VA 22041
Phone:703 358-2491
Fax:703 358-1735