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DOJ/ATF RIN: 1140-AA44 Publication ID: Fall 2023 
Title: Residency Requirements for Noncitizens Acquiring Firearms 

The final rule would adopt, with minor revisions, the final rule published on June 7, 2012, which removed the 90-day State residency requirement for noncitizens lawfully present in the United States to purchase or acquire a firearm. In 2011, the Department of Justice determined that the Gun Control Act does not permit ATF to impose a regulatory requirement that noncitizens lawfully present in the United States are subject to a 90-day State residency requirement when such a requirement is not applicable to U.S. citizens.

Agency: Department of Justice(DOJ)  Priority: Substantive, Nonsignificant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 27 CFR 478   
Legal Authority: 5 U.S.C. 552(a)    18 U.S.C. 926    18 U.S.C. 921 to 931    44 U.S.C. 3504(h)   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
Interim Final Rule  06/07/2012  77 FR 33630   
Interim Final Rule Effective  07/09/2012 
Interim Final Rule Comment Period End  09/05/2012 
Final Action  12/00/2023 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: No  Government Levels Affected: None 
Small Entities Affected: No  Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Related RINs: Related to 1140-AA05, Related to 1140-AA08 
Agency Contact:
Helen Koppe
Regulations Writer
Department of Justice
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
99 New York Avenue NE,
Washington, DC 20226
Phone:202 648-7070