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EPA/OLEM RIN: 2050-AH27 Publication ID: Fall 2023 
Title: Definition of Hazardous Waste Applicable to Corrective Action for Solid Waste Management Units 

EPA is considering a proposed rule that would modify the regulations at 40 CFR part 260, 261 and 270 to clarify that the definition of hazardous waste found in RCRA section 1004(5) is applicable to corrective action for releases from solid waste management units. The proposed rule would more clearly implement EPA's longstanding interpretation of its authority under RCRA section 3004(u) and (v).

Agency: Environmental Protection Agency(EPA)  Priority: Other Significant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Proposed Rule Stage 
Major: No  Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined 
CFR Citation: 40 CFR 260    40 CFR 261    40 CFR 270   
Legal Authority: 42 U.S.C. 6921    42 U.S.C. 6912 (a)    42 U.S.C. 6938    42 U.S.C. 6934    42 U.S.C. 6939g    42 U.S.C. 6937    42 U.S.C. 6939    42 U.S.C. 6935    42 U.S.C. 6974    42 U.S.C. 6924    42 U.S.C. 6925    42 U.S.C. 6927   
Legal Deadline:  None

Statement of Need: This regulatory modification is necessary so that 40 CFR 264.101 appropriately reflects the scope of corrective action cleanup requirements for hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities as required by RCRA section 3004(u) and (v). The revision is expected to clarify that releases of hazardous wastes that are not regulatory hazardous wastes but meet the definition of hazardous waste in RCRA section 1004(5), must be addressed in the same manner as regulatory hazardous wastes under the corrective action program. This rulemaking is expected to impact the release of certain PFAS substances and is included as part of EPA’s broader PFAS Strategic Roadmap.

Summary of the Legal Basis: The proposed rule would be established under the authority of sections 3004(u) and (v) of the Solid Waste Disposal Act of 1965, as amended by subsequent enactments including the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA), as amended by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HWSA).

Alternatives: We have reviewed the applicable regulations and no alternatives have been identified.

Anticipated Costs and Benefits: The Agency will evaluate anticipated costs and benefits as part of the rule development process.

Risks: The Agency will evaluate risk reductions and impacts as part of the rule development process. It is currently too early in the process to make such determinations

Action Date FR Cite
NPRM  11/00/2023 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: Federal, State 
Federalism: No 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: Yes 
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Barbara Foster
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Land and Emergency Management
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:202 566-0382