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CPSC RIN: 3041-AC28 Publication ID: Fall 2023 
Title: All-Terrain Vehicles 

In 2005, the Commission published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) concerning all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) under the Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) and the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA). In 2006, the Commission issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) proposing to ban three-wheeled ATVs and mandate performance, training, labeling, and information requirements for four-wheeled ATVs. Section 232 of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) states that the Commission must issue a final rule in its ongoing ATV rulemaking proceeding. Section 232 of the CPSIA also directed the Commission to publish as a mandatory standard the voluntary standard for four-wheeled ATVs (ANSI/SVIA 1-2007), which the Commission has done. Section 232 of the CPSIA also prohibits the importation of new three-wheeled ATVs into the United States, or their distribution in U.S. commerce while the Commission's ATV rulemaking proceeding is pending. Following CPSIA direction, CPSC amended the mandatory consumer product safety standard to reference the 2010 edition of the voluntary standard, and subsequently, the 2017 edition of the voluntary standard. In 2012, the Commission held an ATV Safety Summit to (1) provide stakeholders with an opportunity to present their views on some ATV issues that remain from the 2006 NPRM, and (2) mobilize stakeholders for future action that stakeholders could take to improve the safety of ATVs. Staff continues to evaluate vehicle stability and occupant protection, as required by the CPSIA, and to engage ATV manufacturers on voluntary standards efforts.

Section 42 of the Consumer Product Safety Act, 15 U.S.C. 2089, provides that if ANSI revises its voluntary ATV standard, it must notify the Commission.  Within 120 days of receiving notification, the Commission must issue a notice of proposed rulemaking (under 5 U.S.C. 553) to amend its mandatory ATV standard to include "any such revision that the Commission determines is reasonably related to the safe performance of ATVs."  On March 21, 2023, ANSI notified the Commission that the 2017 edition of the ANSI/SVIA standard had been revised.  On July 14, 2023, the Commission voted to issue an NPRM.  The NPRM was published in the Federal Register on July 27, 2023.

Agency: Consumer Product Safety Commission(CPSC)  Priority: Substantive, Nonsignificant 
RIN Status: Previously published in the Unified Agenda Agenda Stage of Rulemaking: Final Rule Stage 
Major: Undetermined  Unfunded Mandates: No 
CFR Citation: 16 CFR 1420   
Legal Authority: 15 U.S.C. 2089   
Legal Deadline:  None
Action Date FR Cite
Staff Sent Draft ANPRM to Commission  09/15/2005 
Commission Decision  10/05/2005    
ANPRM  10/14/2005  70 FR 60031   
ANPRM Comment Period Closed  12/13/2005    
Staff Sent NPRM Briefing Package to Commission  05/31/2006 
Commission Decision   07/12/2006    
NPRM  08/10/2006  71 FR 45903   
NPRM Comment Period Closed  10/24/2006    
NPRM Comment Period Extended  10/20/2006  71 FR 61923   
NPRM Extended Comment Period Closed  12/26/2006    
Staff Sent Status Report to Commission  02/13/2008 
Commission Published Voluntary Standard as Mandatory Standard  11/14/2008  73 FR 67385   
Staff Sent Draft NPRM to Commission  07/06/2011 
Commission Decision to Publish NPRM to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  07/15/2011 
NPRM to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  07/25/2011  76 FR 44286   
Comment Period End for Updating Voluntary Standard Reference  10/11/2011 
Staff Sent Briefing Package to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  02/08/2012 
Commission Decision to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  02/14/2012 
Final Rule to Update Voluntary Standard Reference  02/29/2012  77 FR 12197   
Staff Sends Briefing Package to Commission About an ATV Safety Summit  08/09/2012 
Commission Decision to Hold ATV Safety Summit  08/14/2012 
Notice of ATV Safety Summit  08/27/2012  77 FR 51731   
ATV Safety Summit  10/11/2012 
Comment Period End  11/14/2012 
Staff Sends Report on ATV Safety Summit to Commission  09/30/2013 
Staff Sent NPRM Briefing Package to Commission  08/30/2017 
Commission Decision  09/06/2017 
NPRM  09/13/2017  82 FR 42960   
Comment Period End  11/27/2017 
Staff Sends Final Rule Briefing Package to Commission  02/14/2018 
Commission Decision  02/21/2018 
Final Rule  02/27/2018  83 FR 8336   
Final Rule Effective  01/01/2019 
Staff Sends NPR for SVIA Update to Commission  07/05/2023 
Commission Decision  07/17/2023  88 FR 48398   
Comment Period End  09/25/2023 
Final Rule  01/00/2024 
Final Rule Effective  09/01/2024 
Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Undetermined  Government Levels Affected: Undetermined 
Federalism: Undetermined 
Included in the Regulatory Plan: No 
International Impacts: This regulatory action will be likely to have international trade and investment effects, or otherwise be of international interest.
RIN Data Printed in the FR: No 
Agency Contact:
Han S. Lim
Project Manager
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Directorate for Engineering Sciences, 4330 East West Highway,
Bethesda, MD 20814-4408
Phone:301 504-7538